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Staphylococcal toxic shock syndrome toxin-1 gene PCR

Registry Details

Area Health Science
Lab name Nosocomial Infections Laboratory
Lab location Kenepuru Science Centre, Porirua
Test name Staphylococcal toxic shock syndrome toxin-1 gene PCR
Organisms Staphylococcus aureus
Requested for surveillance no
Notice required no
Routine turnaround time 4 working days for reference specimens
Culture requirements Pure culture
Media requirements A slope of any medium that supports the growth of the organism
Pre-transport requirements Ambient temperature
Transport requirements Ambient temperature
Unacceptable sample types Clinical specimens will not be accepted.
How results reported The result will state whether the toxic shock syndrome toxin-1 gene was detected
Referral link Form

Details

Staphylococcal toxic shock syndrome is closely associated with strains of Staphylococcus aureus carrying the gene encoding for the toxic shock syndrome toxin-1 (TSST-1).

Isolates that are tested for the presence of the toxic shock syndrome toxin gene are also tested for the presence of the genes encoding for staphylococcal enterotoxins A-E(external link). Non-menstrual cases of toxic shock syndrome are more likely to be due to enterotoxin A to E producing strains of S. aureus than to those that produce TSST-1.